The Greater Mekong Sub-region is also shrouded in a smoky burn of seasonal crop burning during the dry season, with industrial maize production largely held responsible. In the region, the demand for maize to be processed into animal feed is increasing, and maize production has been highlighted because it has caused deforestation by burning land for pre-harvesting and harvesting – all of this contributes to regional air pollution.  www.thejakartapost.com/seasia/2019/10/14/aichr-representatives-call-for-implementation-of-haze-treaty.html transboundary pollution of the disease should be avoided and monitored, both domestically and internationally, through mutual cooperation. Fires vary from year to year from year to year depending on when the southern ASEAN region is particularly dry.  The effects of fires are not limited to the severe damage they cause to the ground in Indonesia. During the fire season, which occurs mainly during the dry season from July to October, prevailing winds often carry heavy smoke from Sumatra and Indonesian Borneo towards Singapore, Malaysia and, to a lesser extent, southern Thailand and, in rare cases, other ASEAN neighbours. Pollution caused by Indonesia`s fire and death crisis in 2015 was estimated at more than 100,000 premature deaths in Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore by models by researchers at Harvard and Columbia universities.   As noted this year by the ASEAN Specialized Meteorological Centre: asmc.asean.org/subseasonal-weather-outlook-1-15-july-2019/ “Ministers expressed concern about the severity and geographical spread of the recent smoke affecting different ASEAN countries in northern and southern ASEAN,” he said. “They also expressed their sympathy for the millions of people affected by the crowd.” The contract did not prevent the annual return of the dunste between 2004 and 2010, as well as in 2013, 2014 and 2015.
Recently, Indonesia was ranked the world`s third largest emitter of greenhouse gases, with 75% of its emissions coming from deforestation. .