It is interesting to note that in 1958, if someone had proposed that our own Advanced Defense Research Agency (DARPA), which oversees the development of advanced technologies for use by the U.S. military, would guide the world in creating the Internet, a system that could “connect any person and every thing to any other person and anything on the planet immediately and without any cost” – they might have been laughed at from the scene. Or worse. The UNFCCC is an explanation of the need for action, but it does not agree on specific emission reductions. The Kyoto Protocol complements the UNFCCC, which sets more stringent targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Countries that have ratified the protocol have committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The first commitment period of the protocol took place from 2008 to 2012. The second commitment period runs from 2013 to 2020. Unlike the UNFCCC, the United States has never ratified the Kyoto Protocol and has withdrawn the world`s largest emitter of greenhouse gas pollution from the market. Since the introduction of the Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change (1997) and the third meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP3) under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), some countries have agreed to limit their greenhouse gas emissions.
Coal is used in important industries such as electricity generation, steel generation and cement, alongside locomotives, furnaces and furnaces. The world is now concerned about greenhouse gas emissions, with CO2 being the main factor likely to amplify global warming and climate change. At the Paris 2015 meeting (COP21), 195 countries decided to keep the rise in the average global temperature below 2oC and then 1.5c. This paved the way in Marrakech, Morocco, in 2016 (COP22). Innovative measures to achieve this goal are currently being discussed to limit greenhouse gas emissions. When George W. Bush was elected President of the United States in 2000, U.S. Senator Chuck Hagel asked him what form his government was in on climate change.
Bush responded that he “takes climate change very seriously”, but that he was against the Kyoto Treaty because it would “exclude 80 percent of the world, including major population centers like China and India, from complying with the rules and would cause serious damage to the U.S. economy.”  The Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research reported in 2001 that the United States signed the protocol on November 12, 1998 under President Clinton.