New Delhi: India is on track to meet two of its three commitments under the Paris Agreement before the 2030 deadline, and the government will inform the international community by December. The assessment is part of a report India will present this year to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Even at this measured rate, India could secure its commitment to the Paris Agreement before the 2030 deadline. According to the report, out of a total of 184 commitments, only 36 were deemed “sufficient” due to emission reduction commitments of at least 40% by 2030, and 12 were deemed “partially sufficient” for their emissions reduction commitments of between 20 and 40% and 136 commitments, some or all of which were “insufficient”. Despite its low per capita emissions, India has made significant commitments under the “Intended Nationally Determined Contribution” (NDC) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) presented in 2015 as part of the Paris Agreement. As part of the Paris Agreement, India made three commitments. The intensity of India`s greenhouse gas emissions in its GDP will decrease by 33-35% compared to 2005 by 2030. In addition, 40% of India`s energy capacity would be based on non-fossil fuel sources. At the same time, by 2030, India will create an additional “carbon sink” of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of Co2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover. India`s third commitment to carbon dioxide is to create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent by 2030 by adding forest cover and tree cover. However, progress has been limited and the country still has more to do to achieve this goal. The team analyzed the 184 voluntary commitments made by countries under the Paris Agreement and estimated that nearly 75% of the overall climate commitments under the agreement are “insufficient to slow climate change,” and some of the world`s largest emitters, such as the United States, China and India, will continue to increase their emissions. The extent to which the alleged 21% reduction between 2005 and 2014 is due to concerted action on climate change is unclear.
By comparison, in its own NDC, China claimed to have reduced the CO2 emission intensity of its GDP by 33.8% over the same period. Heads of state and government from around the world are meeting this week in Madrid to focus on implementing the Paris Agreement. The conference began in a scathing context with the latest report of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), which will sound the alarm for stronger action. Although India is one of the few countries on track to meet its Paris commitments, all countries in the world need much more. “Carbon dioxide emissions more than doubled between 2005 and 2018. India`s commitment to reduce its emission intensity is indeed encouraging, but it will not result in a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions below current levels.