Two twin-city agreements have also been signed, one between Kathmandu Metropolitan City of Nepal and Nanjing City of China and the other between Butwal Sub-Metropolitan City of Nepal and Xi`an City of China. There was also an agreement on the creation of the Confucius Institute at Tribhuvan University in Kathmandu. In addition, the Chinese have agreed to grant the Nepalese 100 scholarships from the Confucius Institute. Perhaps China has agreed to provide $500 million in aid to Nepal for investments in various Development Projects in Nepal to support the Chinese cause in Nepal. However, despite numerous statements by Kathmandu politicians in favour of diversifying Nepal`s trade and transit, there has not even been advance planning. At a meeting following the agreement on 13 October 2019, China declared itself ready to carry out an on-site assessment, while Nepal accepted environmental and legal approvals. Nothing has happened since. Given that Covid-19 has closed the border with China in recent months and the arrival of Chinese technicians is delayed, there will certainly be further delays. Indeed, the pandemic is being used by Nepalese politicians and bureaucrats to excuse their failures before Kovid to launch the agreements. “The tendency of Nepalese companies is to sign agreements without research or advance planning.
It is only after the signatures that studies are carried out to see if they are feasible, which slows down implementation,” Foreign Minister Pradeep Kumar Gyawali told the Nepali Times. However, it is very difficult to determine exactly what Nepal has learned from the 20 agreements with China. Rail and road links between the Chinese border and Kathmandu give China the upper hand. Not only will it be a great advantage for China to make its presence felt in different parts of Nepal, but it will also help china to gain access to the Indo-Nepal border through Nepalese territory. China dreams of integrating Nepal into “trilateral” trade between China, Nepal and India. Experts believe that the main objective of “trilateral” trade is to use Nepalese territory as a transit point to address the huge Indian market, particularly in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, whose population is more than ten times compared to Nepal. During the visit of the Prime Minister of Rt. Hon to China in June 2018, a joint statement of fourteen points was made by the two parties and fourteen agreements were signed between the two governments, including a cooperation agreement on railway projects. In addition, nine agreements have been signed between state and private Nepalese companies/companies and their Chinese partners. The Prime Minister also held meetings and interactions with other central and provincial leaders, businessmen, academics, university administrators and students, the media and members of the Nepalese diaspora. During the visit, the Prime Minister visited Lhasa, capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) in China, where he held substantial talks with the President of the People`s Government of TAR H.E. Qi Zhala.
After the 2015 Indian blockade, the Nepalese government tried to diversify trade and access to the sea via China. But five years later, inertia and disinterest in Kathmandu have paralyzed a series of bilateral agreements signed with its northern neighbour. The Nepalese and Chinese authorities have signed 17 agreements on heritage, agriculture, industry, tourism and infrastructure, among others, as announced on Sunday by the South Asian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.