But FTZs are not necessarily beneficial for all types of importers and exporters. The benefits depend on the manufacturer and the industry. The automotive industry is highly dependent on FTZs, as it often buys parts from different countries and assembles them in another country. A combination of low costs, favorable location and a host of free trade agreements has made it more advantageous for automakers to ride cars in Mexico. The customs policy on CCS is set out in Chapter 2 of Schedule D of the revised Kyoto Convention (RKC) and the guidelines for free zones contain technical specifications for this chapter. Chapter 2 contains 21 standards covering a wide range of customs procedures and controls related to RSCs. To date, the RKC is the only international agreement that contains provisions in this area. This process will result in a possible revision of Chapter 2 of the CRR`s specific Schedule D and its guidelines, which is the only international agreement to contain provisions in this area. The increased use of free trade zones around the world could also play a role in the growth of TDR. In November 2013, EU and US officials resumed negotiations for a transatlantic free trade agreement.
“The United States and the European Union will sign a trade agreement by 2015,” Hickert predicts. “When this agreement begins, we will be able to take advantage of the many benefits we have been able to offer as a result of NAFTA for companies trying to travel to Southern Texas for shipments.” Regardless of whether or not there are additional free trade agreements, it is clear that FTZ will continue to play an important role in foreign trade and will ensure their multiple competitive advantages of expansion and growth into the future. After the signing of the 1993 North American Free Trade Agreement, the question arose as to whether foreign trade along the U.S.-Mexico border would grow in importance and whether entire partner countries in the free trade agreement would become huge “free trade zones.” Over the past 50 years, the SCZ concept has experienced an exponential boom. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), there are currently more than 3,500 CSSs worldwide, creating jobs for nearly 66 million workers1.